Journal Articles

This page contains journal articles published by Center for Ethics and Humanities in the Life Sciences faculty and their collaborators over the last three years (2016-present). DOIs linked in each citation will open in a new window. For journal articles published prior to 2016, visit our blog, or visit our faculty webpages for selected publications and CVs.

Edited Works

Bogdan-Lovis EA, De Vries C, De Vries RG. (Guest Editors). Special Issue on Place of Birth. The Journal of Clinical Ethics. Fall 2013;24(3).

Journal Articles


Bluhm R, Cabrera L. Deep Brain Stimulation and Relational Agency: Negotiating Relationships. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics. Spring 2020;13(1):155-161. DOI: 10.3138/ijfab.13.1.10.

Dave AA, Cabrera LY. Osteopathic Medical Students’ Attitudes Towards Different Modalities of Neuroenhancement: a Pilot Study. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement. Epub January 29, 2020. DOI: 10.1007/s41465-020-00163-7.

Cabrera LY, Courchesne C, Kiss ZHT, Illes J. Clinical Perspectives on Psychiatric Neurosurgery. Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery. Epub January 17, 2020. DOI: 10.1159/000505080.

Cabrera LY, Kelly-Blake K, Sidiropoulos C. Perspectives on Deep Brain Stimulation and Its Earlier Use for Parkinson’s Disease: A Qualitative Study of US Patients. Brain Sciences. January 2020;10(1):34. DOI: 10.3390/brainsci10010034.


Bresnahan M, Zhuang J, Goldbort J, Bogdan-Lovis E, Park SY, Hitt R. Made to Feel Like Less of a Woman: The Experience of Stigma for Mothers Who Do Not Breastfeed. Breastfeeding Medicine. Epub December 20, 2019. DOI: 10.1089/bfm.2019.0171.

Cabrera LY. A human rights approach to low data reporting in clinical trials of psychiatric deep brain stimulation. Bioethics. November 2019;33(9):1050-1058. Epub August 13, 2019. DOI: 10.1111/bioe.12648.

Emerging Issues Task Force, International Neuroethics Society [Kellmeyer P, Chandler J, Cabrera L, Carter A, Kreitmair K, Weiss A, Illes J]. Neuroethics at 15: The Current and Future Environment for Neuroethics. AJOB Neuroscience. July 2019;10(3):104-110. DOI: 10.1080/21507740.2019.1632958.

Fleck LM. Precision QALYs, Precisely Unjust. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. July 2019;28(3):439-449. DOI: 10.1017/S0963180119000367.

Jimbo M, Sen A, Plegue MA, Hawley S, Kelly-Blake K, Rapai M, Zhang M, Zhang Y, Xie X, Ruffin MT 4th. Interactivity in a Decision Aid: Findings From a Decision Aid to Technologically Enhance Shared Decision Making RCT. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. July 2019;57(1):77-86. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2019.03.004.

Cabrera L, Sadle C, Purcell E. Neuroethical considerations of high-density electrode arrays. Nature Biomedical Engineering. August 2019;3:586-589. Epub May 20, 2019. DOI: 10.1038/s41551-019-0407-2.

Tomlinson T, De Vries RG. Human Biospecimens Come from People. Ethics & Human Research. March-April 2019;41(2):22-28. Epub March 20, 2019. DOI: 10.1002/eahr.500009.

Cabrera LY, Sarva H, Sidiropoulos C. Perspectives on the Earlier Use of Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson’s Disease from a Qualitative Study of US Clinicians. World Neurosurgery. August 2019;128:e16-e20. Epub March 14, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.wneu.2019.03.051.

Cabrera LY, Herrera-Ferrá K. ¿”Neuroensanchamiento”?: Concepts and Perspectives About Neuroenhancement in the Hispanic Literature. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement. March 2020;4(1):82-93. Epub March 12, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s41465-019-00131-w.

Bluhm R, Cabrera L, McKenzie R. What we (Should) Talk about when we Talk about Deep Brain Stimulation and Personal Identity. Neuroethics. Epub March 11, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s12152-019-09396-6.

Khan NNS, Kelly-Blake K, Luo Z, Olomu A. Sex Differences in Statin Prescribing in Diabetic and Heart Disease Patients in FQHCs: A Comparison of the ATPIII and 2013 ACC/AHA Cholesterol Guidelines. Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology. 2019;6. Epub March 5, 2019. DOI: 10.1177/2333392818825414.

Cabrera LY, Bluhm R. Interpreting Patients’ Beliefs About Deep Brain Stimulation for Treatment-Resistant Depression: The Need for Caution and for Context. AJOB Neuroscience. 2018;9(4):230-232. Epub February 25, 2019. DOI: 10.1080/21507740.2018.1553900.

Cabrera LY, Brandt M, McKenzie R, Bluhm R. Online comments about psychiatric neurosurgery and psychopharmacological interventions: Public perceptions and concerns. Social Science & Medicine. January 2019;220:184-192. PMID: 30453110. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.11.021.


Cabrera LY, Brandt M, McKenzie R, Bluhm R. Comparison of philosophical concerns between professionals and the public regarding two psychiatric treatments. AJOB Empirical Bioethics. 2018;9(4):252-266. Available online November 6, 2018. PMID: 30398397. DOI: 10.1080/23294515.2018.1512534.

Bluhm R, Cabrera LY. It’s Not Just Counting that Counts: a Reply to Gilbert, Viaña, and Ineichen. Neuroethics. Available online October 27, 2018. DOI: 10.1007/s12152-018-9391-6.

Cabrera LY, Bittlinger M, Lou H, Müller S, Illes J. Reader comments to media reports on psychiatric neurosurgery: past history casts shadows on the future. Acta Neurochirurgica. December 2018;160(12):2501-2507. Available online October 24, 2018. PMID: 30357485. DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3696-4.

Tomlinson T. Getting Off the Leash. American Journal of Bioethics. September 2018;18(9):48-49. PMID: 30235102. DOI: 10.1080/15265161.2018.1498938.

De Vries RG, Ryan KA, Gordon L, Krenz CD, Tomlinson T, Jewell S, Kim SYH. Biobanks and the Moral Concerns of Donors: A Democratic Deliberation. Qualitative Health Research. Available online August 10, 2018. PMID: 30095038. DOI: 10.1177/1049732318791826.

Cabrera LY, Boyce HMK, McKenzie R, Bluhm R. Conflicts of interest and industry professional relationships in psychiatric neurosurgery: a comparative literature review. Neurosurgical Focus. August 2018;45(2):E20. PMID: 30064327. DOI: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS17399.

Fleck LM. Healthcare Priority-Setting: Chat-Ting Is Not Enough; Comment on “Swiss-CHAT: Citizens Discuss Priorities for Swiss Health Insurance Coverage”. International Journal of Health Policy and Management. October 2018;7(10):961-963. Available online July 28, 2018. PMID: 30316250. PMCID: PMC6186469. DOI: 10.15171/ijhpm.2018.66.

Zhuang J, Bresnahan M, Zhu Y, Yan X, Bogdan-Lovis E, Goldbort J, Haider S. The impact of coworker support and stigma on breastfeeding after returning to work. Journal of Applied Communication Research. 2018;46(4):491-508. Available online July 19, 2018. DOI: 10.1080/00909882.2018.1498981.

Kelly-Blake K, Garrison NA, Fletcher FE, Ajegba B, Smith N, Brafford M, Bogdan-Lovis E. Rationales for expanding minority physician representation in the workforce: a scoping review. Medical Education. September 2018;52(9):925-935. Available online June 22, 2018. PMID: 29932213. DOI: 10.1111/medu.13618.

Cabrera LY, Goudreau J, Sidiropoulos C. Critical appraisal of the recent US FDA approval for earlier DBS intervention. Neurology. 2018. Available online June 13, 2018. PMID: 29898975. DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005829.

Zhuang J, Bresnahan MJ, Yan X, Zhu Y, Goldbort J, Bogdan-Lovis E. Keep Doing the Good Work: Impact of Coworker and Community Support on Continuation of Breastfeeding. Health Communication. Available online May 17, 2018. PMID: 29771151. DOI: 10.1080/10410236.2018.1476802.

Wadland W, Thompson M, Mulder D, Tomlinson T, Roskos S, Foglio J, Molidor J, Osuch J. Reframing Professionalism: The Virtuous Professional. MedEdPublish. April 2018;7(2):6. DOI: 10.15694/mep.2018.0000074.1.

Fleck LM. Controlling Healthcare Costs: Just Cost Effectiveness or “Just” Cost Effectiveness? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. April 2018;27(2):271-283. Available online March 6, 2018. PMID: 29509125. DOI: 10.1017/S0963180117000603.

Cabrera LY, Bittlinger M, Lou H, Müller S, Illes J. The re-emergence of psychiatric neurosurgery: insights from a cross-national study of newspaper and magazine coverage. Acta Neurochirurgica. March 2018;160(3):625-635. Available online December 21, 2017. PMID: 29264778. DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3428-1.

Tomlinson T, De Vries RG, Kim HM, Gordon L, Ryan KA, Krenz CD, Jewell S, Kim SYH. Effect of deliberation on the public’s attitudes toward consent policies for biobank research. European Journal of Human Genetics. February 2018;26(2):176-185. Available online January 18, 2018. PMID: 29348694. PMCID: PMC5838972. DOI: 10.1038/s41431-017-0063-5.

Fleck LM, Murphy TF. First Come, First Served in the Intensive Care Unit: Always? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. January 2018;27(1):52-61. PMID: 29214960. DOI: 10.1017/S0963180117000391.


Cabrera LY, Illes J. Balancing ethics and care in disorders of consciousness. The Lancet Neurology. Available online November 15, 2017. PMID: 29153410. DOI: 10.1016/S1474-4422(17)30402-7.

Cabrera LY. Pesticides: A Case Domain for Environmental Neuroethics. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. October 2017;26(4) (Special Issue: Clinical Neuroethics):602-615. DOI: 10.1017/S0963180117000111.

Fleck LM. Despairing about Health Disparities. Hastings Center Report. September/October 2017;47(5):43-44. DOI: 10.1002/hast.769.

Shriver AJ, Cabrera LY, Illes J. Environmental Neuroethics: Bridging Environmental Ethics and Mental Health. American Journal of Bioethics. September 2017;17(9):26-27. PMID: 28829259. DOI: 10.1080/15265161.2017.1353172.

Stahl D, Cabrera L, Gibb T. Should DBS for Psychiatric Disorders be Considered a Form of Psychosurgery? Ethical and Legal Considerations. Science and Engineering Ethics. August 2018;24(4):1119-1142. Available online June 26, 2017. PMID: 28653164. DOI: 10.1007/s11948-017-9934-y.

Cabrera LY, McKenzie R, Bluhm R. Beyond the Technology: Attribution and Agency in Treatments for Mental Disorders. AJOB Neuroscience. June 2017;8(2):92-94. DOI: 10.1080/21507740.2017.1326410.

Fleck LM. Just caring: Do we need philosophical foundations? Ethics, Medicine and Public Health. April-June 2017;3(2):221-232. Available online June 9, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.04.014.

Vega IE, Cabrera LY, Wygant CM, Velez-Ortiz D, Counts SE. Alzheimer’s Disease in the Latino Community: Intersection of Genetics and Social Determinants of Health. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. June 2017;58(4):979-992. Available online May 17, 2017. PMID: 28527211. PMCID: PMC5874398. DOI: 10.3233/JAD-161261.

Eijkholt M, Cabrera LY, Ramirez-Zamora A, Pilitsis JG. Shaking Up the Debate: Ensuring the Ethical Use of DBS Intervention Criteria for Mid-Stage Parkinson's Patients. Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface. July 2017;20(5):411-416. Available online May 11, 2017. PMID: 28497554. DOI: 10.1111/ner.12608.

Stahl D, Tomlinson T. Is there a right not to know? Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology. May 2017;14(5):259-260. PMID: 28374787. DOI: 10.1038/nrclinonc.2017.47.

Cabrera LY. Reframing human enhancement: a population health perspective. Frontiers in Sociology. March 2017;2(4). DOI: 10.3389/fsoc.2017.00004.

Jimbo M, Sen A, Plegue MA, Hawley ST, Kelly-Blake K, Rapai M, Zhang M, Zhang Y, Ruffin MT 4th. Correlates of Patient Intent and Preference on Colorectal Cancer Screening. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. April 2017;52(4):443-450. Available online February 3, 2017. PMID: 28169019. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2016.11.026.

Fleck LM, Danis M. How Should Therapeutic Decisions about Expensive Drugs Be Made in Imperfect Environments? AMA Journal of Ethics. February 2017;19(2):147-156. PMID: 28225695. DOI: 10.1001/journalofethics.2017.19.2.ecas2-1702.


Tomlinson T. Competence in Plain English. Hastings Center Report. Nov 22 2016;46(6):Inside back cover. DOI: 10.1002/hast.650.

Cabrera LY. Is External Pressure Really the Key Objection Against Neurosurgery for Imprisoned Psychopaths? AJOB Neuroscience. Oct 3 2016;7(3):173-175. DOI: 10.1080/21507740.2016.1218385.

Cabrera LY, Reiner PB. A Novel Sequential Mixed-method Technique for Contrastive Analysis of Unscripted Qualitative Data: Contrastive Quantitized Content Analysis. Sociological Methods & Research. August 2018;47(3):532-548. Epub ahead of print August 4, 2016. DOI: 10.1177/0049124116661575.

Olomu A, Hart-Davidson W, Luo Z, Kelly-Blake K, Holmes-Rovner M. Implementing shared decision making in federally qualified health centers, a quasi-experimental design study: the Office-Guidelines Applied to Practice (Office-GAP) program. BMC Health Services Research. August 2, 2016;16(a):334. PMID: 27484348. PMCID: PMC4970246. DOI: 10.1186/s12913-016-1603-3.

Fletcher F, Ingram LA, Kerr J, Buchberg M, Bogdan-Lovis L, Philpott-Jones S. ‘‘She Told Them, Oh That Bitch Got AIDS’’: Experiences of Multilevel HIV/AIDS-Related Stigma Among African American Women Living with HIV/AIDS in the South. AIDS Patient Care and STDs. July 2016;30(7):349-356. PMID: 27410498. PMCID: PMC4948216. DOI: 10.1089/apc.2016.0026.

Fleck LM. Choosing Wisely: Is Parsimonious Care Just Rationing? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. July 2016;25(3):366-376. PMID: 27348821. DOI: 10.1017/S0963180115000705.

De Vries RG, Tomlinson T, Kim HM, Krenz C, Haggerty D, Ryan KA, Kim SY. Understanding the Public’s Reservations about Broad Consent and Study-By-Study Consent for Donations to a Biobank: Results of a National Survey. PLoS ONE. July 14 2016; 11(7):e0159113. PMID: 27415017. PMCID: PMC4944938. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159113.

Engel-Glatter S, Cabrera LY, Marzouki Y, Elger BS. Teaching bioethics to a large number of biology and pharma students: Lessons learned. Ethics & Behavior. January 2018; 28(1):70-90. Epub June 7, 2016. DOI: 10.1080/10508422.2016.1196361.

Fleck LM. Just Rationing in the ICU: What Benefits Count? APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Medicine. Spring 2016;15(2):6-10.

Xu J, Janisse J, Ruterbusch JJ, Ager J, Liu J, Holmes-Rovner M, Schwartz KL. Patients’ Survival Expectations With and Without Their Chosen Treatment for Prostate Cancer. Annals of Family Medicine. May/June 2016;14(3):208-214. PMID: 27184990. PMCID: PMC4868558. DOI: 10.1370/afm.1926.

Cabrera LY. Inductive Risks, Inferences, and the Role of Values in Disorders of Consciousness. AJOB Neuroscience. 2016;7(1):57-59. Epub April 4, 2016. DOI: 10.1080/21507740.2016.1150915.

De Vries RG, Tomlinson T, Kim HM, Krenz CD, Ryan KA, Lehpamer N, Kim SY. The moral concerns of biobank donors: the effect of non-welfare interests on willingness to donate. Life Sciences, Society and Policy. 2016;12(3). Epub March 11, 2016. PMID: 26968989. PMCID: PMC4788662. DOI: 10.1186/s40504-016-0036-4.

Cabrera L, Tesluk J, Chakraborti M, Matthews R, Illes J. Brain matters: from environmental ethics to environmental neuroethics. Environmental Health. Feb 15 2016;15(20). PMID: 26880112. PMCID: PMC4754959. DOI: 10.1186/s12940-016-0114-3.

Fleck L. Critical Care Limits: What Is the Right Balance? American Journal of Bioethics. January 2016;16(1):48-50. PMID: 26734748. DOI: 10.1080/15265161.2015.1115154.